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MS 043 - Roland Reed Photographs

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Abstract

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MS 043 - Roland Reed Photographs, c. 1909-c. 1915 | McCracken Research Library

By Elizabeth Bell

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Collection Overview

Title: MS 043 - Roland Reed Photographs, c. 1909-c. 1915Add to your cart.

Primary Creator: Reed, Roland

Extent: 1.0 Boxes

Date Acquired: 08/21/1986

Subjects: Glacier National Park (Mont.)--Photographs, Indians of North America--Photographs, Indians of North America--Portraits, Montana--Photographs, Photographers--United States, Photography, Artistic, Pictorialism (Photography movement), Reed, Roland, 1864-1934

Languages: English

Abstract

Photographs of Native American Indians by Roland Reed, probably taken primarily in Montana (including Glacier National Park) circa 1909-1915.  Most of the photographs are posed, showing the subjects outdoors wearing traditional clothing, often next to scenic natural features such as waterfalls, streams, and rock formations.  Some were published in James Willard Schultz’s Blackfeet Tales of Glacier National Park, 1916.

Collection Historical Note

Roland Reed (1864 - 1934):

     Noted Indian photographer Roland Reed, born during the Civil War, grew up seeing America’s indigenous peoples turned from hunters and gatherers into ragged, destitute squatters, knowing he could do nothing to prevent this.  What he could and did do was to record the lives of a few tribes before all trace of how they had been vanished.  Given his working methods and limited resources, the final count of his Indian photographs was not large, but many of his pieces are today considered works of art.

     Roland was the fourth of six siblings and the son of a Wisconsin Fox River valley farmer of Scots’ descent who grew up on land that bordered an Ojibway trail.  Seeing the Ojibway passing excited his child’s imagination as did the stories people told of Indian bravery and intrepidness.  He wanted to be like them.  So much so that when he was seventeen, he stole a canoe and set out on a grand adventure, stalking the forest, thieving, and paddling the Fox River until circumstances forced him to find work.  This was the first of his wanderings which took him up into Canada and through the tribal lands of the western states.  He worked occasionally, sometimes doing crayon portraits and teaching open air sketching, never stopping for long.

     Until in 1893 he reached Havre, Montana, where photographer Daniel Dutro was looking for an apprentice.

     Roland decided to learn photography in a period of change.  The Kodak hand-held camera had made it possible for almost anyone to take pictures.  Anyone could do what only professional photographers had once done—record reality.  Now, increasingly, photographers began separating themselves from the amateurs by using the camera and their dark room techniques creatively to produce art, something they called Pictorialism.  To that end their pictures tended to be a bit out of focus, aimed for a romantic aura, and utilized settings, costumes, and posed subjects.

     After mastering Pictorialist methods, working several years as a partner in Dutro’s studio, and spending another short, unrewarding stint in Alaska, Roland returned to Minnesota in 1899.  He’d decided on his life’s work and was determined to begin among the people who had first inspired him—the Ojibway.  Four years on, however, his idea of photographing the Ojibway was as far from realization as it would’ve been if he’d stayed in Montana.

     Finally, after what was left of his immediate family relocated to California, he locked up his studio in Ortonville, moved into a small cabin on the reservation, and waited.  It took an additional year and a dollop of good luck, but Ojibways finally began working cooperatively with him to create a Pictorialist record of their traditional lifestyle.  This was the beginning of a productive period, and, as his photographs began to circulate, recognition came his way.  In 1908 he had his first exhibition in Minneapolis under the auspices of the Eastman Kodak Company.

     He’d made a start.  Now it was time to move on to record the people and artifacts of other tribes.  He returned to Montana.  In 1909 he set up a studio in Kalispell and for the next six years worked with the Blackfeet, Cheyenne, Flatheads, Piegans and Bloods in Canada and Montana, photographing them not as they were but in settings and costumes that reflected how they had been. 

     For the first time in his life, too, he became part of an art community which included Danish artist Johannes Anderson and German impressionist Julius Seyler.  He came to know Western artist Charles Russell and his wife and became acquainted with a number of influential people who visited Kalispell coming and going from Glacier.

     Local writers, too, were part of his new circle of friends and customers.  Helen Fitzgerald Sanders used his photographs in The White Quiver, 1913, and A History of Montana, 1913.  James Willard Schultz published 24 Reed photos in his Blackfeet Tales of Glacier National Park, 1916One-third of the 40 photographs Agnes C. Laut used in her Enchanted Trails of Glacier Park, 1926, were Reed’s, although unattributed.  Worse, they brought him no remuneration.

     For all of his successes, Reed remained relatively unknown.  He meant to change that, but first he needed to diversify.  In 1913, he journeyed to the Southwest to photograph the Navajo and the Hopi.  Then he began putting together collections for two large California exhibitions—one in San Diego, the other in San Francisco.  For that work, he needed an assistant and sought out Lou Adelaide Bigelow.

     Lulu, as she was called, was more than a capable photographer, eventually accompanying Roland to California to help with preparation of life-sized Indian portraits for the Panama Pacific International Exposition (the 1915 World’s Fair in San Francisco) and to witness the high point of his career—a gold medal for his exhibit at San Diego’s Panama-California Exhibition.  At the conclusion of the latter exhibition, 50 of Roland’s framed photographs went to San Diego’s Southwest Museum.

     During the exhibitions, Roland opened a studio in San Diego where he successfully sold copies of his exhibited work as well as Indian artifacts brought from Montana and the Southwest, but this did not go as well as he had hoped.  He had difficulties with pricing and supply on the artifacts and grew impatient with the darkroom work.  In October 1915, he sold out to Lou Bigelow, returned to Kalispell where he closed that studio, and moved home to Ortonville, MN to live with his sister and her husband, who had returned from California.

     While he owned several more photographic studios, Roland’s work photographing Indians essentially ended with the California exhibitions.  In 1934, every inch a mature, distinguished and accomplished man, he started out for Ocean Beach, California, where he planned to spend the winter.  Stopping to visit in Manitou, Colorado, he injured his back.  He died there of complications.

Subject/Index Terms

Glacier National Park (Mont.)--Photographs
Indians of North America--Photographs
Indians of North America--Portraits
Montana--Photographs
Photographers--United States
Photography, Artistic
Pictorialism (Photography movement)
Reed, Roland, 1864-1934

Administrative Information

Repository: McCracken Research Library

Access Restrictions: McCracken Library staff may determine use restrictions dependent on the physical condition of manuscript materials. Restrictions may exist on reproduction, quotation or publication. Contact McCracken Research Library for more information.

Acquisition Source: Leo Platteter

Acquisition Method: Gift

Related Publications:

Schultz, James Willard. Blackfeet Tales of Glacier National Park. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1916.  E 99 .S54 S28 1916

Lawrence, Ernest R. Alone with the Past: The Life and Photographic Art of Roland W. Reed. Afton, MN: Afton Press, 2012.  TR 140.4365 .L39 2012

For additional publications about Native American Indians in Photography, please search the McCracken Research Library’s Catalog at:  http://wyld.state.wy.us/bbhc/

Preferred Citation: Roland Reed Photographs Collection, MS 43, Harold McCracken Research Library, Buffalo Bill Center of the West.


Box and Folder Listing


Browse by Box:

[Box 1],
[All]

Box 1Add to your cart.
Folder 1: P.43.10, c. 1909-c. 1915Add to your cart.
Native American Indian man standing on small island in river with arms outstretched, wearing jewelry, pants and long loincloth with decorated belt, moccasins, and one feather in hair. Roland Reed, photographer, undated. 25.4 x 20.3 cm. [Probably same man as P.43.11]
Folder 2: P.43.11, c. 1909-c. 1915Add to your cart.
Native American Indian man facing away from camera standing on small island in river with arms outstretched, wearing long pants with decorated belt. Roland Reed, photographer, undated. 25.4 x 20.2 cm. [Probably same man as P.43.10]
Folder 3: P.43.12, c. 1909-c. 1915Add to your cart.
Native American Indian man standing on rock outcropping over lake with mountains on other side. Holding long stick or spear with feathers attached over head with both hands and wearing long pants and decorated moccasins. Roland Reed, photographer, undated. 20.2 x 25.4 cm.
Folder 4: P.43.13, c. 1909-c. 1915Add to your cart.
Elderly Native American Indian man holding tomahawk and wearing feather headdress, long-sleeved shirt, and long pants all decorated with ermine. Roland Reed, photographer, undated [see note in collection file]. 25.2 x 20.2 cm. [Same man as P.43.14, P.43.15, and probably P.43.26]
Folder 5: P.43.14, c. 1909-c. 1915Add to your cart.
Elderly Native American Indian man seated on ground holding pipe and wearing feather headdress, long-sleeved shirt, and long pants all decorated with ermine.  [On back: “Three Bears”]  Roland Reed, photographer, undated [see note in collection file].  25.1 x 20.2 cm.  [Same man as P.43.13, P.43.15, and probably P.43.26]
Folder 6: P.43.15, c. 1909-c. 1915Add to your cart.
Close-up of elderly Native American Indian man wearing feather headdress and long-sleeved shirt decorated with ermine and beadwork.  [On back: “Three Bears—Blackfoot”]  Roland Reed, photographer, undated [see note in collection file]. 25.1 x 20.1 cm.  [Same man as P.43.13, P.43.14, and probably P.43.26]
Folder 7: P.43.16, c. 1909-c. 1915Add to your cart.
Native American Indian man standing in front of painted tipi wearing long-sleeved shirt, long pants, and moccasins.  Clothing decorated with beadwork and ermine.  Roland Reed, photographer, undated.  25.2 x 20.2 cm.
Folder 8: P.43.17, c. 1909-c. 1915Add to your cart.
Close-up profile of Native American Indian man wearing jewelry and beaded belt and holding long stick with feathers attached.  Roland Reed, photographer, undated.  25.3 x 20.2 cm.
Folder 9: P.43.18, c. 1909-c. 1915Add to your cart.
Close-up profile of Native American Indian man with braided hair wearing jewelry and holding bow and quiver (?).  Roland Reed, photographer, undated.  25.3 x 20.3 cm.
Folder 10: P.43.19, c. 1909-c. 1915Add to your cart.
View from far away of Native American Indian in long robe standing on bank of stream facing large waterfall.  Roland Reed, photographer, undated.  22.5 x 18.5 cm.
Folder 11: P.43.20, c. 1909-c. 1915Add to your cart.
Native American Indian man crouching on rock outcropping over lake holding long stick with feathers attached.  Mountains surrounding lake.  Roland Reed, photographer, undated.  20.2 x 25.3 cm.
Folder 12: P.43.21, c. 1909-c. 1915Add to your cart.
Native American Indian man wearing long pants and moccasins and holding quiver containing bow and arrows, standing on bank of river (?) with mountains in background.  Roland Reed, photographer, undated.  25.3 x 20.3 cm.
Folder 13: P.43.22, c. 1909-c. 1915Add to your cart.
Native American Indian with braided hair wearing pants and belt, sitting by cascading stream.  Roland Reed, photographer, undated.  20.3 x 25.3 cm.  [Probably same person as P.43.23]
Folder 14: P.43.23, c. 1909-c. 1915Add to your cart.
Native American Indian with braided hair wearing pants and belt, sitting on log by waterfall.  Roland Reed, photographer, undated.  20.3 x 25.4 cm.  [Probably same person as P.43.22]
Folder 15: P.43.24, c. 1909-c. 1915Add to your cart.
Native American Indian man kneeling on ground wearing feather headdress, long-sleeved shirt decorated with beadwork and fringe, pants, and loincloth (?), and holding long stick with feathers attached.  Roland Reed, photographer, undated [see note in collection file].  25.2 x 20.3 cm.
Folder 16: P.43.25, c. 1909-c. 1915Add to your cart.
Native American Indian man standing in front of painted tipi wearing feather headdress, long striped robe, jewelry, pants, and decorated moccasins, and holding decorated bow or gun case (?).  [On attached post-it: “At Blackfoot camp. Glacier.  Photoshoot devised for ‘Blackfeet Tales of Glacier Natl Park’ by Louis Hill” (book is actually by James Willard Schultz).]  Roland Reed, photographer, undated [see note in collection file].  25.3 x 20.2 cm.
Folder 17: P.43.26, c. 1909-c. 1915Add to your cart.
Native American Indian man wearing feather headdress, long-sleeved shirt and long pants decorated with ermine, moccasins, and a patterned blanket around his waist, and holding a stick with feathers attached.  [Written on photocopy of picture: “Three Bear(s)  Blackfoot  Black feet”]  Roland Reed, photographer, undated [see note in collection file].  17.6 x 12.7 cm.  [Probably same man as P.43.13, P.43.14, and P.43.15]
Folder 18: P.43.27, c. 1909-c. 1915Add to your cart.
Close-up of Native American Indian man holding handgun and wearing feather headdress and long-sleeved shirt decorated with fringe.  [On back: “Rides at The Door”]  Roland Reed, photographer, undated [see note in collection file].  16.6 x 11.6 cm.
Folder 19: P.43.28, c. 1909-c. 1915Add to your cart.
Native American Indian man wearing fur hat with feather, long-sleeved shirt, pants, jewelry, and blanket (?) hanging from waist, and holding drum and bow case (?).  [On back: “Lazy Boy”]  Roland Reed, photographer, undated [see note in collection file].  16.8 x 11.5 cm.
Folder 20: P.43.29, c. 1909-c. 1915Add to your cart.
Native American Indian man wearing feather headdress, long-sleeved shirt, decorated vest, long paints, loincloth (?), and moccasins, and holding short stick with feather attached with both hands.  [On back: “Bare Head”]  Roland Reed, photographer, undated [see note in collection file].  16.5 x 11.5 cm.
Folder 21: P.43.30, c. 1909-c. 1915Add to your cart.
Native American Indian man wearing feather headdress, long-sleeved shirt, jewelry, pants, loincloth (?), and moccasins, and holding gun case (?) decorated with fringe.  [On back: “Medicine Owl”]  Roland Reed, photographer, undated [see note in collection file].  16.6 x 11.4 cm.
Folder 22: P.43.35, c. 1909-c. 1915Add to your cart.
Five Native American Indian men on hillside by waterfall facing away from camera.  Roland Reed, photographer, undated.  25.3 x 20.3 cm.  [Similar to P.43.36]
Folder 23: P.43.36, c. 1909-c. 1915Add to your cart.
Five Native American Indian men on hillside by waterfall.  [Published in Blackfeet Tales of Glacier National Park by James Willard Schultz, 1916, opposite p. 52.  Caption: “Stream from unnamed glacier pouring into Cutbank Cañon”]  Roland Reed, photographer, undated.  25.3 x 20.2 cm.  [Similar to P.43.35]
Folder 24: P.43.37, c. 1909-c. 1915Add to your cart.
Two Native American Indian men facing away from camera next to stream, dressed in long pants and carrying weapons.  Roland Reed, photographer, undated.  20.2 x 25.4 cm.
Folder 25: P.43.38, c. 1909-c. 1915Add to your cart.
View from far away of six Native American Indian men facing away from camera at base of small waterfall.  Roland Reed, photographer, undated.  20 x 25.1 cm.
Folder 26: P.43.39, c. 1909-c. 1915Add to your cart.
Two Native American Indian men on riverbank.  [Published in Blackfeet Tales of Glacier National Park by James Willard Schultz, 1916, opposite p. 84.  Caption: “Cutbank River. A good trout riffle”]  Roland Reed, photographer, undated.  25.4 x 20.3 cm.
Folder 27: P.43.40, c. 1909-c. 1915Add to your cart.
Native American Indian man and woman standing on edge of lake with mountains in background.  Man wearing loincloth (?) and moccasins and holding bow case (?).  Woman wearing long dress and cradleboard on her back.  Roland Reed, photographer, undated.  20.4 x 25.3 cm.
Folder 28: P.43.41, c. 1909-c. 1915Add to your cart.
Five Native American Indian men sitting on edge of lake around small fire.  Mountains in background.  [Published in Blackfeet Tales of Glacier National Park by James Willard Schultz, 1916, opposite p. 212.  Caption: “Upper Two Medicine Lake: Tail-feathers-coming-over-the-hill (with pipe) propitiating the dreaded Under Water People”]  Roland Reed, photographer, undated.  20.3 x 25.5 cm.
Folder 29: P.43.42, c. 1909-c. 1915Add to your cart.
Six Native American Indian men on edge of lake, one standing, others crouching or sitting.  Roland Reed, photographer, undated.  20.2 x 25.3 cm.
Folder 30: P.43.43, c. 1909-c. 1915Add to your cart.
Six Native American Indian men seated on ground next to fire wearing blankets around shoulders.  Several holding pipes.  On ground are coffee pot, pans, and wooden box bearing words UNION LEADER.  Roland Reed, photographer, undated.  19.2 x 24.5 cm.
Folder 31: P.43.44, c. 1909-c. 1915Add to your cart.
Five Native American Indian men on rocky ground above stream wearing blankets around shoulders and having a meal.  One pouring can of pork and beans into pan.  Two “Van Gamp’s Pork and Beans” boxes on ground.  Roland Reed, photographer, undated.  20 x 25.1 cm.
Folder 32: P.43.45, c. 1909-c. 1915Add to your cart.
Three Native American Indian men on hillside with cliff and waterfall in background.  One standing, wearing jewelry, a single feather in his hair, and a loincloth, and holding a bow and arrow.  Others seated, one holding a spear (?).  Roland Reed, photographer, undated.  25.3 x 20.2 cm.
Folder 33: P.43.46, c. 1909-c. 1915Add to your cart.
Two Native American Indian men seated; one smoking a pipe, the other holding bow and arrows (?).  Roland Reed, photographer, undated.  25.3 x 20.3 cm.  [Same men as P.43.47]
Folder 34: P.43.47, c. 1909-c. 1915Add to your cart.
Two Native American Indian men seated; one smoking a pipe, the other holding bow and arrows.  Roland Reed, photographer, undated.  25.3 x 20.2 cm.  [Same men as P.43.46]
Folder 35: P.43.48, c. 1909-c. 1915Add to your cart.
Three Native American Indian men on rock formation next to lake with mountains in background.  One standing on outcropping above the heads of the other two.  All wearing jewelry and long pants and holding spears (?) with feathers attached.  Roland Reed, photographer, undated.  25.3 x 20.4 cm.  [Almost identical to P.43.49]
Folder 36: P.43.49, c. 1909-c. 1915Add to your cart.
Three Native American Indian men on rock formation next to lake with mountains in background.  One standing on outcropping above the heads of the other two.  All wearing jewelry and long pants and holding spears (?) with feathers attached.  Roland Reed, photographer, undated.  25.2 x 20.3 cm.  [Almost identical to P.43.48]
Folder 37: P.43.50, c. 1909-c. 1915Add to your cart.
Four Native American Indian men sitting and standing on rock formation next to lake with mountains in background and holding spears (?) with feathers attached.  Roland Reed, photographer, undated.  25.4 x 20.2 cm.  [Same location as P.43.48 and P.43.49]
Folder 38: P.43.51, c. 1909-c. 1915Add to your cart.
Two painted tipis by a stream, four Native American Indians on horseback, and one standing with arm outstretched.  Roland Reed, photographer, undated.  20.1 x 25.1 cm.
Folder 39: P.43.52, c. 1909-c. 1915Add to your cart.
Two painted tipis by stream, several Native American Indians on horseback, and several standing or walking.  Roland Reed, photographer, undated.  20.3 x 25.4 cm.
Folder 40: P.43.53, c. 1909-c. 1915Add to your cart.
Two painted tipis by lake with mountains in background.  Two Native American Indian men facing each other, both holding bow or gun cases (?).  Roland Reed, photographer, undated.  20.3 x 25.4 cm.
Folder 41: P.43.54, c. 1909-c. 1915Add to your cart.
Five Native American Indian men sitting together by painted tipi next to stream, woman sitting short distance away against another tipi, boy standing in middle of shot.  Roland Reed, photographer, undated.  20.2 x 25.3 cm.  [Similar to P.43.74, but from a different angle]
Folder 42: P.43.55, c. 1909-c. 1915Add to your cart.
View from across a stream of several tipis and five Native American Indians sitting on the ground.  Mountains in background.  Roland Reed, photographer, undated.  20.3 x 25.3 cm.
Folder 43: P.43.56, c. 1909-c. 1915Add to your cart.
Several tipis and six Native American Indians sitting and standing with stream in foreground and mountains in background.  Roland Reed, photographer, undated.  20.3 x 25.3 cm.
Folder 44: P.43.57, c. 1909-c. 1915Add to your cart.
Two Native American Indians and a non-Native man sitting together outside a painted tipi.  Two young girls (?) huddling together against another tipi in the background.  [Published in Blackfeet Tales of Glacier National Park by James Willard Schultz, 1916, opposite p. 20.  Caption: “At Upper Two Medicine Lake: Left to right: Tail-feathers-coming-over-the-hill, Yellow Wolf, and the author, relating his killing of a grizzly at this particular place, in the long-ago”]  Roland Reed, photographer, undated.  25.3 x 20.3 cm.
Folder 45: P.43.58, c. 1909-c. 1915Add to your cart.
Four Native American Indian men seated on ground and one standing next to painted tipi.  Roland Reed, photographer, undated.  20 x 25.2 cm.  [Similar to P.43.73 and P.43.84]
Folder 46: c. 1909-c. 1915Add to your cart.
Item 1: P.43.59, c. 1909-c. 1915Add to your cart.
Native American Indians standing and sitting near two painted tipis with lake and mountains in background.  Roland Reed, photographer, undated.  20.3 x 25.5 cm.
Item 2: P.43.60, c. 1909-c. 1915Add to your cart.
Two Native American Indian men riding bareback on pinto horses (one facing camera, one facing away) with non-Native man standing nearby in cowboy hat.  Roland Reed, photographer, undated.  20.3 x 25.5 cm.  [Native Americans the same as in P.43.61]
Folder 47: c. 1909-c. 1915Add to your cart.
Item 1: P.43.61, c. 1909-c. 1915Add to your cart.
Two Native American men riding bareback on pinto horses (one facing camera, one facing away).  Roland Reed, photographer, undated.  20.2 x 25.4 cm.  [Same men as P.43.60]
Item 2: P.43.62, c. 1909-c. 1915Add to your cart.
Several Native American Indians seated next to lake with mountains in background.  One man wearing cowboy hat and glasses.  Roland Reed, photographer, undated.  20.3 x 25.5 cm.
Folder 48: P.43.66, c. 1909-c. 1915Add to your cart.
House on rocky hill overlooking lake with mountains in background.  [Similar picture published in Blackfeet Tales of Glacier National Park by James Willard Schultz, 1916, opposite p. 156, with caption “Going-to-the-Sun Mountain”]  Roland Reed, photographer, undated.  25.2 x 20.3 cm.
Folder 49: P.43.70, c. 1909-c. 1915Add to your cart.
View from far away of two Native American Indian men on rock outcropping over lake with two more men walking up path toward them.  Mountains in background.  [Published in Blackfeet Tales of Glacier National Park by James Willard Schultz, 1916, opposite p. 152.  Caption: “At the Narrows. Upper St. Mary’s Lake”]  Roland Reed, photographer, undated.  25.3 x 20.3 cm.
Folder 50: P.43.71, c. 1909-c. 1915Add to your cart.
Nine Native American Indians (two women, six men, one child) and one non-Native man in a suit and hat lined up with several tipis in the background.  Four of the men and the child wearing feather headdresses.  [Two photocopies of the picture included in the folder identify some of the people.]  Roland Reed, photographer, undated.  20.2 x 25.2 cm.
Folder 51: P.43.72, c. 1909-c. 1915Add to your cart.
Native American Indian men, women, and children gathered by four tipis.  [Printed or stamped on back: “Glacier National Park, Montana”]  [Published in Blackfeet Tales of Glacier National Park by James Willard Schultz, 1916, opposite p. 210.  Caption: “Elk Medicine Pipe Dance: Chief Crow leading the column and carrying the sacred stem”]  Roland Reed, photographer, undated.  20.3 x 25.3 cm.
Folder 52: c. 1909-c. 1915Add to your cart.
Item 1: P.43.73, c. 1909-c. 1915Add to your cart.
Four Native American Indian men seated on ground and one standing next to painted tipi.  Roland Reed, photographer, undated.  20.2 x 25.3 cm.  [Similar to P.43.58 and P.43.84]
Item 2: P.43.74, c. 1909-c. 1915Add to your cart.
Five Native American Indian men, one boy (?), and one woman outside two painted tipis.  Roland Reed, photographer, undated.  20.3 x 25.3 cm.  [Similar to P.43.54, but from a different angle]
Folder 53: P.43.75, c. 1909-c. 1915Add to your cart.
Stick suspended horizontally by strings and decorated with duck head, feathers, and ermine.  Several tied bundles lying below.  Roland Reed, photographer, undated [see note in collection file].  Stamped on back: “Photo by Jack Richard Studio, Box 976 - 915 Rumsey Ave., Cody, Wyoming 82414”]  20.5 x 25.4 cm.  [Almost identical to P.43.76]
Folder 54: P.43.76, c. 1909-c. 1915Add to your cart.
Stick suspended horizontally by strings and decorated with duck head, feathers, and ermine.  Several tied bundles lying below.  Roland Reed, photographer, undated [see note in collection file].  [Stamped on back: “Photo by Jack Richard Studio, Box 976 - 915 Rumsey Ave., Cody, Wyoming 82414”]  20.5 x 25.4 cm.  [Almost identical to P.43.75]
Folder 55: P.43.77, c. 1909-c. 1915Add to your cart.
Several Native American Indian artifacts.  Roland Reed, photographer, undated [see note in collection file].  [Stamped on back: “Photo by Jack Richard Studio, Box 976 - 915 Rumsey Ave., Cody, Wyoming 82414”]  20.5 x 25.4 cm.  [Almost identical to P.43.78]
Folder 56: P.43.78, c. 1909-c. 1915Add to your cart.
Several Native American Indian artifacts.  Roland Reed, photographer, undated [see note in collection file].  [Stamped on back: “Photo by Jack Richard Studio, Box 976 - 915 Rumsey Ave., Cody, Wyoming 82414”]  20.5 x 25.4 cm.  [Almost identical to P.43.77]
Folder 57: P.43.79, c. 1909-c. 1915Add to your cart.
Native American Indian man in front of tipi wearing headdress, long-sleeved shirt decorated with hair and beadwork, and beaded pants and moccasins, and holding long stick with feathers attached.  Roland Reed, photographer, undated [see note in collection file].  [Written on back: “#2, Boy Chief with scalp shirt, circa 1920, copy from Paul Dyck collection.”  Stamped on back: “Photo Copy by Jack Richard Studio, Box 976 - 915 Rumsey Ave., Cody, Wyoming 82414”]  25.4 x 20.5 cm.
Folder 58: P.43.80, c. 1909-c. 1915Add to your cart.
Close-up of Native American Indian man facing away from camera wearing simple headpiece with long strips of cloth (?) hanging down back to waist.  Roland Reed, photographer, undated [see note in collection file].  [Stamped on back: “Photo Copy by Jack Richard Studio, Box 976 - 915 Rumsey Ave., Cody, Wyoming 82414”]  25.4 x 20.5 cm.
Folder 59: P.43.81, c. 1909-c. 1915Add to your cart.
Native American Indian man standing outside tipi wearing feather headdress, fringed shirt, jewelry, fringed and beaded pants, plaid cloth hanging from waist, moccasins, and beaded gauntlets.  Roland Reed, photographer, undated [see note in collection file].  [Written on back: “Raven Chief, circa 1920, copy from Paul Dyck collection.”  Stamped on back: “Photo Copy by Jack Richard Studio, Box 976 - 915 Rumsey Ave., Cody, Wyoming 82414”]  25.4 x 20.5 cm.
Folder 60: P.43.82, c. 1909-c. 1915Add to your cart.
Five Native American Indians and one non-Native man sitting on ground.  Roland Reed, photographer, undated.  [Written on back: “Chief Crow (second from right) lifting the sacred roll of Thunder Medicine Pipe.”  Stamped on back: “Photo by Jack Richard Studio, Box 976 - 915 Rumsey Ave., Cody, Wyoming 82414”]  [Similar picture published in Blackfeet Tales of Glacier National Park by James Willard Schultz, 1916, opposite p. 206.  Caption: “Opening of the Elk Medicine Pipe Ceremony: Left to right: The author; Tail-feathers-coming-over-the-hill; his wife and the wife of Chief Crow, both medicine women; Chief Crow, medicine man, lifting the sacred roll of the medicine pipe; Medicine Weasel and Old Boy, singers”]  20.5 x 25.4 cm.
Folder 61: P.43.83, c. 1909-c. 1915Add to your cart.
Two Native American Indian men seated with various objects around them.  Roland Reed, photographer, undated [see note in collection file].  [Written on back: “Bear Chief and Boy Chief with the Long Time Pipe, 1910.”  Stamped on back: “Photo by Jack Richard Studio, Box 976 - 915 Rumsey Ave., Cody, Wyoming 82414”]  20.5 x 25.4 cm.
Folder 62: P.43.84, c. 1909-c. 1915Add to your cart.
Four Native American Indian men seated on ground and one standing with arm outstretched next to painted tipi.  Roland Reed, photographer, undated.  20.3 x 25.3 cm.  [Similar to P.43.58 and P.43.73]
Folder 63: P.43.85, c. 1909-c. 1915Add to your cart.
Sculpture of a group of Native American Indians performing a ceremony; one standing, the rest sitting on the ground, some playing drums.  Roland Reed, photographer, undated [see note in collection file].  [Stamped on back: “Photo by Jack Richard Studio, Box 976 - 915 Rumsey Ave., Cody, Wyoming 82414”]  20.5 x 25.4 cm.  [Similar to P.43.86, but from a different angle]
Folder 64: P.43.86, c. 1909-c. 1915Add to your cart.
Sculpture of a group of Native American Indians performing a ceremony; one standing, the rest sitting on the ground, some playing drums.  Roland Reed, photographer, undated [see note in collection file].  [Stamped on back: “Photo by Jack Richard Studio, Box 976 - 915 Rumsey Ave., Cody, Wyoming 82414”]  20.5 x 25.4 cm.  [Similar to P.43.85, but from a different angle]
Folder 65: P.43.87, c. 1909-c. 1915Add to your cart.
Native American Indian man and woman next to painted tipi with lake and mountains in background.  Roland Reed, photographer, undated [see note in collection file].  [Written on back: “Boy Chief, his wife with the sacred buffalo stone tipi, circa 1920, copy from Paul Dyck collection.”  Stamped on back: “Photo Copy by Jack Richard Studio, Box 976 - 915 Rumsey Ave., Cody, Wyoming 82414”]  20.5 x 25.4 cm.
Folder 66: P.43.88, c. 1909-c. 1915Add to your cart.
Close-up of elderly Native American Indian man wearing decorated shirt and eagle feather in hair.  Roland Reed, photographer, undated [see note in collection file]. [Written on back: “Eagle Plume, Piegan, (Hileman Photo), 1910, copy from Paul Dyck collection.”  Stamped on back: “Photo Copy by Jack Richard Studio, Box 976 - 915 Rumsey Ave., Cody, Wyoming 82414”]  25.4 x 20.5 cm.
Folder 67: P.43.89, c. 1909-c. 1915Add to your cart.
Native American Indian man and woman standing with horse in front of tipi.  Roland Reed, photographer, undated [see note in collection file].  [Written on back: “Wolf Plume.”  Stamped on back: “Photo Copy by Jack Richard Studio, Box 976 - 915 Rumsey Ave., Cody, Wyoming 82414”]  25.4 x 20.5 cm.
Folder 68: PN.43.01, c. 1909-c. 1915Add to your cart.
Close-up of elderly Native American Indian man wearing feather headdress and long-sleeved shirt decorated with ermine and beadwork.  Roland Reed, photographer, undated [see note in collection file].  12.5 x 10 cm.  [Same as P.43.15]
Folder 69: PN.43.02, c. 1909-c. 1915Add to your cart.
Native American Indian man standing in front of painted tipi wearing long-sleeved shirt, long pants, and moccasins.  Clothing decorated with beadwork and ermine.  Roland Reed, photographer, undated.  12.5 x 10 cm.  [Same as P.43.16]
Folder 70: PN.43.03, c. 1909-c. 1915Add to your cart.
Close-up profile of Native American Indian man wearing jewelry and beaded belt and holding long stick with feathers attached.  Roland Reed, photographer, undated.  12.5 x 10 cm.  [Same as P.43.17]
Folder 71: PN.43.04, c. 1909-c. 1915Add to your cart.
Close-up profile of Native American Indian man with braided hair wearing jewelry and holding bow and quiver (?).  Roland Reed, photographer, undated.  12.5 x 10 cm.  [Same as P.43.18]
Folder 72: PN.43.05, c. 1909-c. 1915Add to your cart.
Native American Indian with braided hair, wearing pants and belt, sitting by cascading stream.  Roland Reed, photographer, undated.  10 x 12.5 cm.  [Same as P.43.22]
Folder 73: PN.43.06, c. 1909-c. 1915Add to your cart.
View from far away of Native American Indian in long robe standing on bank of stream facing large waterfall.  Roland Reed, photographer, undated.  12.5 x 10 cm.  [Same as P.43.19]
Folder 74: PN.43.07, c. 1909-c. 1915Add to your cart.
Five Native American Indian men sitting and standing on rock formation next to lake with mountains in background and holding spears (?) with feathers attached.  Roland Reed, photographer, undated.  12.5 x 10 cm.  [Similar to P.43.48, P.43.49, and P.43.50]
Folder 75: PN.43.08, c. 1909-c. 1915Add to your cart.
Native American Indian men, women, and children gathered by four tipis.  Roland Reed, photographer, undated.  10 x 12.5 cm.  [Same as P.43.72]
Folder 76: PN.43.09, c. 1909-c. 1915Add to your cart.
Native American Indians riding horses across river with tipis in background.  Roland Reed, photographer, undated.  10 x 12.5 cm.
Folder 77: PN.43.10, c. 1909-c. 1915Add to your cart.
Two Native American Indian men seated; one smoking pipe, the other holding bow and arrows (?).  Roland Reed, photographer, undated.  12.5 x 10 cm.  [Same as P.43.46]
Folder 78: PN.43.11, c. 1909-c. 1915Add to your cart.
Four Native American Indian men seated on ground and one standing with arm outstretched next to painted tipi.  Roland Reed, photographer, undated.  10 x 12.5 cm.  [Same as P.43.84]
Folder 79: PN.43.12, c. 1909-c. 1915Add to your cart.
Two painted tipis by lake with mountains in background.  Two Native American Indian men facing each other, both holding bow or gun cases (?).  Roland Reed, photographer, undated.  10 x 12.5 cm.  [Same as P.43.53]
Folder 80: PN.43.13, c. 1909-c. 1915Add to your cart.
Two painted tipis by a stream, four Native American Indians on horseback, and one standing with arm outstretched.  Roland Reed, photographer, undated.  10 x 12.5 cm.  [Same as P.43.51]
Folder 81: PN.43.14, c. 1909-c. 1915Add to your cart.
View from across a stream of several tipis and five Native American Indians sitting on the ground.  Mountains in background.  Roland Reed, photographer, undated.  10 x 12.5 cm.  [Same as P.43.55]

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