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MS 322 - Captain Jack Crawford Collection

Overview

Abstract

Administrative Information

Detailed Description

Biographical Information

Family

Correspondence

Business

Financial and Legal Documents

Literary Works

Photographs

Oversize Materials



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MS 322 - Captain Jack Crawford Collection | McCracken Research Library

By Samantha L. Harper

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Collection Overview

Title: MS 322 - Captain Jack Crawford CollectionAdd to your cart.

Primary Creator: Crawford, John Wallace "Captain Jack"

Extent: 35.0 Boxes

Arrangement:

The collection (No. 322) is arranged into seven series by type of record, as follows:

Biographical Information – Box 1

Family Information – Box 1

Correspondence

            Personal (Non-Business) – Box 1-3

            Business – Box 4-5

Business Affairs – Box 6

Financial Documents – Box 7

            Business – Box 7

            Family – Box 7

Literary Works

            Poems – Box 8-10

            Songs – Box 10

            Plays – By Captain Jack – Box 10-12

            Plays – By Others – Box 13

            Stories – Box 14

            Articles – Personal Accounts – Box 14-15

            Articles – By Others – (About CJ, Contemporaries, or Family) – Box 16

            Newspaper Clippings – Box 17

            Books – By Captain Jack – Box 17

            Diaries – By Captain Jack – Box 17

            Notebooks & Scrapbooks – Box 17-20, 23-24(oversize)

Printed Materials – Captain Jack – Box 21-22

            Entertainment, Mining, and General

Oversize Manuscript Materials – Box 23-26

Photographs – Box 27-35

            Oversize Photographs – Box 33-35

Date Acquired: 01/01/2008

Languages: English

Abstract

The John Wallace "Captain Jack" Crawford Collection consists of family and personal papers, research, and drafts of writing projects as well as correspondence related to business and personal matters.  Writing topics include poetry, short stories, and theatrical plays.  His business interests included performing, mining, scouting, and running a farm and general store.

Collection Historical Note

John Wallace Crawford (1847-1917), sometimes called "Captain Jack" or "The Poet Scout", was born in Northern Ireland.  Immigrating to the United States at the age of eleven (1858), he joined his father in a coal mine in Minersville, Pennsylvania.  In 1863, he and his father joined the Union Army in the Civil War, serving in the 48th Pennsylvania Volunteers.  ‘Captain Jack’ was wounded four times, the last of which occurred at Spottsylvania. A nun taught him to read and write while he was recuperating from the wound. After the war, Crawford returned to Pennsylvania, married Maria Stokes and started a family.

One of the original seven men who settled in the Black Hills region after the Custer expedition in 1874, Crawford was a newspaper correspondent for The Omaha Daily Bee, reporting on conditions in the Black Hills.  He also became Chief of Scouts for the Black Hills Rangers.  After the defeat of General Custer at the Battle of the Little Big Horn in 1876, Crawford joined the Fifth Calvary at the urging of his friend, William Frederick ‘Buffalo Bill’ Cody.  While he served as a scout and messenger for both Generals Merritt and Crook, Crawford continued to send dispatches to The Omaha Daily Bee.  In the fall of 1876, Crawford joined Buffalo Bill's theatrical troupe for the winter season.  He starred as ‘Captain Jack’ opposite ‘Buffalo Bill’ in western themed melodramas.

In the spring of 1878, Crawford journeyed to the gold fields of Dawson in the Yukon Territory.  He never had much luck as a miner, so, a year later, he traveled to San Francisco to negotiate the publication of his first book, The Poet Scout.  During the last half of 1879 and through 1880, Crawford scouted for the U.S. Army in New Mexico for their campaign against the Apaches.  Crawford liked the area, so after he resigned from the Army in 1880, he decided to remain in New Mexico.  After Crawford accepted a position as post trader at Fort Craig, he sent for his wife, Maria, and their children.  The family maintained their residence at this isolated location for nearly two decades, even after the troops withdrew and the fort closed.  He continued to prospect, perform, and write.  The Poet Scout was enlarged and reprinted in 1886 and was followed by three other books; Camp Fire Sparks, Lariette and The Broncho Book.  He also wrote several plays in which he took the central roles, and he authored more than a hundred short stories.

Because of a promise that he claimed he made to his mother on her death bed, Crawford allegedly never touched a drop of whiskey.  Proud of his sobriety, he became a special agent of the Justice Department under President W.H. Harrison in the fall of 1889.  Responsible for the capture of outlaws and "bootleggers" who sold whiskey to Native Americans, he traveled extensively throughout the Southwest during the next four years.

In 1893, Crawford devoted time exclusively to his career as an entertainer.  By 1898, he attained recognition as one of the country's most popular platform entertainers.  However, by 1899 he submitted to ‘gold fever’ again joining the rush to the Klondike.  After two years, he returned to his career as an entertainer, but his finances were precarious.  Estranged from his wife, Crawford died in his Woodhaven, Long Island home in 1917.

Administrative Information

Repository: McCracken Research Library

Access Restrictions: McCracken Library staff may determine use restrictions dependent on the physical condition of manuscript materials. Restrictions may exist on reproduction, quotation or publication. Contact McCracken Research Library for more information.

Acquisition Source: Harriet Crawford Richardson

Acquisition Method: Gift

Related Publications:

BY: CRAWFORD, JACK.

The Broncho Book.  The Roycrofters, 1908. [PS1469 .C73 1908 – Russell Collection]

The Poet Scout.  Funk and Wagnalls, 1886.  [PS 1469 .C73 1886 – Russell Collection]

The Poet Scout.  H. Keller & Co., 1879.  [PS 1469 .C3 1879 – Russell Collection]

ABOUT:

Miller, Darlis A.  Captain Jack Crawford : buckskin poet, scout, and showman.  University of New Mexico Press, 1993.  [F 594 .C73 M55 1993]

Rezatto, Helen.  Tales of the Black Hills.  North Plains Press, c1983.  [F 657 .B6 R46 1983]

Sagala, Sandra K.  Buffalo Bill on Stage.  University of New Mexico Press, c2008.  [F 594 .B94 S23 2008]

Spotts, David L.  Campaigning with Custer : and the Nineteenth Kansas Volunteer Cavalry on the Washita Campaign, 1868-69.  University of Nebraska Press, 1988.  [E 83.869 .S76 1988]

Preferred Citation: John Wallace "Captain Jack" Crawford Collection, MS 322, Harold McCracken Research Library, Buffalo Bill Historical Center.


Box and Folder Listing


Browse by Series:

[Series 1: Biographical Information, 1860 - 1960],
[Series 2: Family, 1860 - 1960],
[Series 3: Correspondence, 1860 - 1960],
[Series 4: Business, 1860 - 1920],
[Series 5: Financial and Legal Documents],
[Series 6: Literary Works],
[Series 7: Photographs],
[Series 8: Oversize Materials],
[All]

Series 8: Oversize MaterialsAdd to your cart.
Box 23Add to your cart.
Folder 1: Oversize Materials - Literary Works - Poems - By Captain Jack - Printed Only - Multiple Poem Newspapers - Grand Army Sentinel, September 22, 1879Add to your cart.
Folder 2: Oversize Materials - Business - Performing - Poster - "A Night With The Poet Scout", February 15, [????]Add to your cart.
Folder 3: Oversize Materials - Literary Works - Poems - "The Clean-Up Of Fifty Years' Run"Add to your cart.
Folder 4: Oversize Materials - Contemporary - Newspaper Articles - The Volunteer, May 1890Add to your cart.
Folder 5: Oversize Materials - Literary Works - Songs - "Sunshine Of My Soul"Add to your cart.
Folder 6: Oversize Materials - Literary Works - Songs - "Ben Hur Chariot Race March"Add to your cart.
Folder 7: Oversize Materials - Printed Materials - Newspaper Articles - "Fake Klondike Schemes, Captain Jack Crawford Criticises Some Of Them", October 10, 1897Add to your cart.
Folder 8: Oversize Materials - Business - Performing - Poster - "On The Trail, or Daniel Boone The Pioneer"Add to your cart.
Folder 9: Oversize Materials - Printed Materials - Newspaper Articles - "Captain Jack Crawford"Add to your cart.
Folder 10: Oversize Materials - Printed Materials - Newspaper Articles - "For Memorial Day Fund", May 17, 1896Add to your cart.
Folder 11: Oversize Materials - Literary Works - Songs - "My Mother Raised Her Boy To Be A Soldier", May 16, 1915Add to your cart.
Folder 12: Oversize Materials - Business - Performing - Poster - "This Is Not A Lecture", 1903Add to your cart.
Folder 13: Oversize Materials - Business - Performing - Poster - "Souvenir Program", October 22, 1902Add to your cart.
Folder 14: Oversize Materials - Business - Performing - Poster - "Souvenir Program", October 1, 1902Add to your cart.
Folder 15: Oversize Materials - Business - Performing - Poster - "This Is Not A Lecture"Add to your cart.
Folder 16: Oversize Materials - Literary Works - Poems - "Over The River" - Memorial to May E. Cantwell, 1888Add to your cart.
Folder 17: Oversize Materials - Literary Works - Poems - "Saviour Of My Soul", and "Faith", 1908Add to your cart.
Folder 18: Oversize Materials - Business - Performing - Poster - "This Is Not A Lecture"Add to your cart.
Folder 19: Oversize Materials - Business - Performing - Poster - "The Scout And Courier"Add to your cart.
Folder 20: Oversize Materials - Literary Works - Songs - "The Song Of My Soul"Add to your cart.
Folder 21: Oversize Materials - Literary Works - Poems - "My Broncho Pegasus", "He Thrashed The Fellow", "Capt. Crawford's Episode"Add to your cart.
Folder 22: Oversize Materials - Business - Performing - Poster - "Liberty, Loyalty, Labor and Love; Grand Testimonial Benefit"Add to your cart.
Folder 23: Oversize Materials - Business - Performing - Advertisement - "Fine Entertainment - At The Auditorium Last Evening By Captain Jack Crawford"Add to your cart.
Folder 24: Oversize Materials - Business - Performing - Poster - "Cap't Jack Crawford The Poet Scout"Add to your cart.
Folder 25: Oversize Materials - Business - Performing - Advertisement - "From The Adams Freeman, Another Entertainment", 1897Add to your cart.
Folder 26: Oversize Materials - Business - Performing - Poster - "Best People On Earth Endorse The Poet Scout"Add to your cart.
Folder 27: Oversize Materials - Business - Performing - Advertisement - "On The Trail" from The City Argus, 1900 [?]Add to your cart.
Folder 28: Oversize Materials - Business - Performing - Advertisement - "A True American" from The Western VeteranAdd to your cart.
Folder 29: Oversize Materials - Business - Performing - Advertisement - "Captain Jack Crawford" from The Banner of GoldAdd to your cart.
Folder 30: Oversize Materials - Literary Works - Stories - "Private Brown"Add to your cart.
Folder 31: Oversize Materials - Literary Works - Stories - "Christmas Eve In A Cow Camp"Add to your cart.
Box 24Add to your cart.
Folder 1: Oversize Materials - Literary Works - Notebooks and Scrapbooks - Notebooks - Poems Written on Pages, 1876-1877Add to your cart.
Box 25Add to your cart.
Folder 1: Oversize Materials - Printed Materials - General - Contemporary -Add to your cart.
Item 1: Fraternal Greetings Between The Blue and The Gray, 1906Add to your cart.
Item 2: Map of New Mexico (Photocopy), undatedAdd to your cart.
Item 3: 'The Bad Man', Saturday Evening Post, December 9, 1905Add to your cart.
Folder 2: Oversize Materials - Literary Works - Poems - By Captain JackAdd to your cart.
Item 1: 'By Natures Hand' and 'Lucky Sam'Add to your cart.
Item 2: 'For Members of the I.L.A.'Add to your cart.
Folder 3: Oversize Materials - Printed Materials - General - Contemporary - Illustrations - 'Cowboy' and [Fort Craig, N.M.?]Add to your cart.
Folder 4: Oversize Materials - Notebooks and Scrapbooks - Notebooks - Poems Written on Pages (photocopy), 1876-1877Add to your cart.
Box 26Add to your cart.
Folder 1: Oversize Materials - Biographical - Certificates - Captain Jack Crawford, 1884-1905Add to your cart.
Folder 2: Oversize Materials - Biographical - Newspaper Clippings - About Captain Jack, 1905-1909Add to your cart.
Folder 3: Oversize Materials - Biographical - Newspaper Clippings - About Captain Jack, 1910-1914Add to your cart.
Folder 4: Oversize Materials - Biographical - Newspaper Clippings - About Captain Jack, 1915-1920Add to your cart.
Folder 5: Oversize Materials - Biographical - Newspaper Clippings - About Captain Jack, 1920-present, and undatedAdd to your cart.
Folder 6: Oversize Materials - Biographical - Newspaper Clippings - About Captain Jack, RecentAdd to your cart.
Folder 7: Oversize Materials - Biographical - Newspaper Clippings - About Captain JackAdd to your cart.
Folder 8: Oversize Materials - Business - Performing - Advertisement, 1888-1897Add to your cart.
Folder 9: Oversize Materials - Business - General Store (Old Fort Craig) - "Ground Plan of Fort Craig, N.M.", 1866Add to your cart.
Folder 10: Oversize Materials - Business - Mining - "Map Showing Captain Jack Crawford's Mines and Ranches"Add to your cart.
Folder 11: Oversize Materials - Business - Performing - Poster - "O-NEK-A-MA Mineral Springs?"Add to your cart.
Folder 12: Oversize Materials - Business - General Store (Old Fort Craig) - Quartermaster Report, July 1876Add to your cart.
Folder 13: Oversize Materials - Literary Works - Notebooks and Scrapbooks - By Others - About Captain JackAdd to your cart.
Folder 14: Oversize Materials - Literary Works - Poetry - By Captain JackAdd to your cart.
Folder 15: Oversize Materials - Newspaper Articles - Not About Captain JackAdd to your cart.
Folder 16: Oversize Materials - Newspaper Articles - Not About Captain JackAdd to your cart.
Folder 17: Oversize Materials - Newspaper Articles - Not About Captain JackAdd to your cart.
Folder 18: Oversize Materials - Newspaper Articles - Not About Captain JackAdd to your cart.
Folder 19: Oversize Materials - Newspaper Articles - Not About Captain JackAdd to your cart.
Folder 20: Oversize Materials - Newspaper Articles - Not About Captain Jack, 1920-1955Add to your cart.
Folder 21: Oversize Materials - Newspaper Articles - Not About Captain JackAdd to your cart.
Folder 22: Oversize Materials - Newspaper Articles - Not About Captain Jack, UndatedAdd to your cart.
Folder 23: Oversize Materials - Newspaper Articles - Not About Captain Jack, 1900-1907Add to your cart.
Folder 24: Oversize Materials - Newspaper Articles - Not About Captain Jack, 1880-1899Add to your cart.
Box 36Add to your cart.
Folder 1: Oversize Materials - Biographical - Articles About Captain Jack - By OthersAdd to your cart.
Folder 2: Oversize Materials - Biographical - Articles About Captain Jack - By OthersAdd to your cart.

Browse by Series:

[Series 1: Biographical Information, 1860 - 1960],
[Series 2: Family, 1860 - 1960],
[Series 3: Correspondence, 1860 - 1960],
[Series 4: Business, 1860 - 1920],
[Series 5: Financial and Legal Documents],
[Series 6: Literary Works],
[Series 7: Photographs],
[Series 8: Oversize Materials],
[All]


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